How To Open Dmp File?

How To Open Dmp File
Download Article Download Article When your PC crashes with a blue screen error, Windows automatically creates a dump file (minidump) which contains helpful troubleshooting information, including the stop codes that led to the error. Opening and analyzing a dump file can help you determine which drivers or programs led to the crash,

  • Windows blue screen errors create DMP files in C:\Windows\Minidump by default. The location varies if Windows is installed on a different drive.
  • You can use WinDbg by Microsoft to open all types of,DMP files—not just those created by Windows memory or kernel errors.
  • BlueScreenView is a free debugging tool that clearly highlights the software and drivers that were involved in the system crash.
  1. 1
  2. 2 Open WinDbg as an administrator. If you want to analyze system-level dump files, you’ll typically need administrator privileges. To run the app as an administrator:
    • Press the Windows key and type windbg,
    • Right-click WinDbg Preview and select Run as administrator,
    • Click Yes to confirm.


  3. 3 Click the File menu and select Start debugging, A list of debugging processes will appear.
  4. 4 Select Open dump file, You’ll see a “Supported file formats” area that displays a list of dump formats and file extensions you can debug with this tool, including:
    • Windows user and kernel mode dump formats: DMP, HDMP, MDMP
    • Windows binary image formats: EXE, DLL, SYS
    • Linux user and kernel mode core dumps and binary formats: ELF, KDUMP
    • macOS user mode core dumps and binary formats: MACHO
  5. 5 Click the Browse button and select a dump file. The location of your dump file will vary. You’ll usually find it in C:\Windows\minidump.
    • You can also select a compressed CAB or ZIP file that contains a dump file. No need to decompress it first.
    • Minidump files are shorter versions of the dump files that are easier to open and analyze. They still contain all of the information you’ll need to track down the error.
    • If you’re not sure where your dump files are saved by default, you can check the location in your advanced system settings,
  6. 6 Click Open, WinDbg will now load the dump file in the analyzer. This might take a few moments depending on the size of the file.
  7. 7 Type !analyze -v into the command line and press ↵ Enter, This command line is just below the body of the dump file. Running this command will analyze and display verbose information in the Command tab.
    • This process might take some time, as dump files can be rather large. You’ll know the analysis is complete when the progress bar is no longer moving.
  8. 8 Look for errors in the Bugcheck Analysis area. Once the analysis is complete, you can scroll through the data to view information that can help you troubleshoot the crash. Sometimes you’ll see a really clear description of what caused the dump or kernel panic, while other times the text might be kind of vague. It really depends on the type of dump file you’re reading and what caused the issue.
    • If you caught a blue screen error in the moment and remember the stop code (such as DRIVER_IRQL_NOT_LESS_OR_EQUAL, DPC_WATCHDOG_VIOLATION, or a hexadecimal code like0xC000000F), search the dump analysis for that string of text.
    • You can also look for “MODULE_NAME” and “FAILURE_BUCKET_ID” in the analyzer to find the specific program or driver that caused the crash.
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  1. 1 Download BlueScreenView by Nirsoft. This free utility makes it easy to open and analyze minidump files created by Windows blue screen crashes. You can download the tool from,
    • To install BlueScreenView, click Download BlueScreenView with full install/uninstall support, double-click the downloaded bluescreenview_setup.exe file, and follow the on-screen instructions.
    • If you don’t want to install a program, you can download the standalone version by clicking the Download BlueScreenView (in Zip file) link. Then, just unzip the file to find a fully-usable version of the app that doesn’t require installation.
  2. 2 Open BlueScreenView. If you downloaded the standalone version of BlueScreenView, just double-click BlueScreenView.exe in the extracted folder. If you installed the app, you’ll find BlueScreenView in your Start menu.
    • If BlueScreenView detects a dump file (ending with DMP) in the default location of C:\Windows\MiniDump, it will display the dump file’s name and date in the upper portion of the window.
  3. 3 Select a dump file location (if needed). If you don’t see the dump file you’re looking for, you can change the location:
    • Press Control + O on the keyboard to open the Advanced Options.
    • Click Browse,
    • Select the location of your dump file (such as C:\MiniDump}} and click OK,
    • If you’re not sure where your dump files are saved by default, you can check the location in your advanced system settings,
    • Minidump files are shorter versions of the dump files that are easier to open and analyze. They still contain all of the information you’ll need to track down the error.
  4. 4 Select the dump file you want to analyze. The most recent dump file in the selected folder appears in the upper portion of the window. When you click the dump file, its details expand in the bottom panel.
  5. 5 Read the dump file. You’ll see the stop code for the dump (e.g., DRIVER_IRQL_NOT_LESS_OR_EQUAL} in the “Bug Check String” column in the top panel. In the bottom panel, you’ll see the drivers and programs responsible for the crash highlighted in red.
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  1. 1 Press the Windows key on your keyboard. If you need to view or change the location of your Windows system dump files, you can do so in your Advanced System Settings. Start by pressing the Windows key on your keyboard or clicking the magnifying glass on the taskbar.
    • By default, your system dump files are automatically overwritten with each new crash. You can disable this automatic overwriting if you want to keep old dump files for analysis.
  2. 2 Type view advanced system settings, A list of search results will appear.
  3. 3 Click View advanced system settings, It’s a computer monitor with a checkmark icon at the top of the Start menu. Doing so opens the Advanced System Settings window.
  4. 4 Click the Advanced tab. You’ll see this at the top of the window.
  5. 5 Click the Settings button. It’s below the “Startup and Recovery” heading near the bottom of the page.
  6. 6 Select Small memory dump from the “Write debugging information” menu. Each item in this menu is a different type of Windows dump file that you can configure separately. For the dump file generated by a blue screen error, choose Small memory dump from the menu. A memory dump file is a file that’s taken from RAM. RAM has a number of allocation tables—or buckets—inside. A memory dump file is an entire download of whatever was inside that file when a catastrophic failure happened, and it goes into a log so an engineer or a software professional can look at it and see where the conflict happened.
  7. 7 Find (or change) the location of this dump file. The dump file’s location appears under the “Dump file” heading.
    • If you see something like %SystemRoot%\Minidump, the &SystemRoot& part of the location is just a link to the root of your Windows installation (e.g., C:\Windows). So, if Windows is installed on your C drive and the dump file location is %SystemRoot%\Minidump, your dump files are saved to C:\Minidump.
  8. 8 Choose what to do with old dump files when new crashes occur. For small memory dump files, older dumps are not overwritten. However, larger dump files (kernel memory dump, complete memory dump, automatic memory dump, and active memory dump) are automatically overwritten each time a new crash is logged.
    • The complete memory dump file is the largest type of Windows dump file. If you’re low on disk space and face a lot of crashes, you might want to overwrite these automatically to conserve space.
  9. 9 Click OK to save your changes. If you changed any of your dump file settings, this saves them permanently. You can then click OK again to exit Advanced System Settings.
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Add New Question

  • Question What is a JSON file, and how do I view it? A JSON file contains JavaScript Object Notation. You can view the file in any text editor.
  • Question Am I supposed to install visual studies also when I want to read dump files? No, visual studio is another type of software that won’t help you in that case. It is used for programming.
  • Question What do I do if I get errors when reading dump file? Edit the files and go to properties, security and add Everyone as Read. You can then see the file.

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BlueScreenView is perfect for testing different programs (e.g., opening a program and waiting to see if your computer crashes), as it can be opened quickly and takes only a few seconds to install.


Computer crashes—especially ones of the blue screen of death variety—can be caused by anything from a malfunctioning app to a broken processor. As such, being able to read the dump files doesn’t necessarily guarantee that you’ll be able to diagnose why your computer crashed.

Advertisement Article Summary X 1. Type “advanced system settings” into the Windows search bar.2. Click View advanced system settings,3. Click Advanced,4. Click Settings under “Startup and Recovery”.5. Select “Small memory dump” from the drop-down.6. Click OK twice.7.
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How to open DMP files in Windows 10 [Easy Steps]?

– Open Start – Type in run and press ↵ Enter – Type in %SystemRoot% – Click OK – Click the View tab. – Check the ‘Hidden items’ box if it isn’t already checked. – Scroll down and double-click the MEMORY.DMP file.
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How can I read a dmp file?

How can I read a DMP file online? If you do not have WhoCrashed or BlueScreenView at hand, a simple solution is to analyze the memory dump file online. All you need is a web browser with an internet connection to visit the webpage, upload the. dmp file and wait for a few seconds for a report to be automatically generated.
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How to access memory dump file?

MEMORY.DMP emergency memory dump analysis.1. Run the installed WinDbg utility and select Open Crash Dump in the File menu.2. In the file opening window, go to the MEMORY.DMP file path and open it.3. After studying the headlines, click on the link:!analyze -v or enter this command manually.4.
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How to open,DPM file?

How to Read Dump Files

example.dpm. To open this file, Windows needs to know what program you want to use to open it. Windows can go online to look it up automatically, or you can manually select one from a list of programs that are installed on your computer. To avoid this error, you need to set the file association correctly.
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