Oserror: Errno 9 Bad File Descriptor?

Oserror: Errno 9 Bad File Descriptor
I’m using os.system(), which is a scientific software including a python script, used to run another scientific program. There’s a subprocess, which will be running and python will print the following: close failed in file object destructor: IOError: Bad file descriptor Even this message will be printed at the same time as os.system() ? But my question is, Which condition will lead to this type of IOError? What is it? You get this kind of error “oserror: bad file descriptor” message only if python file was closed from the outside, i.e.,not from the file objects close() : >>> f = open(“.bashrc”) >>> os.close(f.fileno()) >>> del f close failed in file object destructor: IOError: Bad file descriptor In the above code, del f line will delete the last reference to the file object, Ultimately file._del_ will be called. The Internal state indicates that the file is still open since f.close() was never called, So here someone tries to close the file, that someone is a destructor here. Later, OS throws an error because of the attempt for closing the file, which is not open. Since os.system() does not create any python file object, It doesn’t look like system() call was the origin of the error Reason for getting error “oserror: bad file descriptor” : The internal state of the file object indicates the file is still open since f. close() was never called, so the destructor tries to close the file. The OS subsequently throws an error because of the attempt to close a file that’s not open.
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What is a file descriptor in Linux?

A file descriptor is an unsigned integer used by a process to identify an open file. The number of file descriptors available to a process is limited by the /OPEN_MAX control in the sys/limits. h file. The number of file descriptors is also controlled by the ulimit -n flag.
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How do I fix descriptor file error?

Solution 4: Move the Game to the System Drive – You may also encounter this “failed to open descriptor file Ark” error if the game is not installed on the system drive. In this case, moving the installation folder to the system drive may solve the problem.
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What are the 3 file descriptors in Linux?

Stdin, stdout, and stderr – On a Unix-like operating system, the first three file descriptors, by default, are STDIN ( standard input ), STDOUT (standard output), and STDERR (standard error).

Name File descriptor Description Abbreviation
Standard input 0 The default data stream for input, for example in a command pipeline. In the terminal, this defaults to keyboard input from the user. stdin
Standard output 1 The default data stream for output, for example when a command prints text. In the terminal, this defaults to the user’s screen. stdout
Standard error 2 The default data stream for output that relates to an error occurring. In the terminal, this defaults to the user’s screen. stderr

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What happens if you run out of file descriptors?

File Descriptors | Elasticsearch Guide This is only relevant for Linux and macOS and can be safely ignored if running Elasticsearch on Windows. On Windows that JVM uses an limited only by available resources. Elasticsearch uses a lot of file descriptors or file handles.

On macOS, you must also pass the JVM option -XX:-MaxFDLimit to Elasticsearch in order for it to make use of the higher file descriptor limit.RPM and Debian packages already default the maximum number of file descriptors to 65535 and do not require further configuration.You can check the max_file_descriptors configured for each node using the API, with:

GET _nodes/stats/process?filter_path=**.max_file_descriptors : File Descriptors | Elasticsearch Guide
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Where are the file descriptors stored?

The actual ‘file’ with its meta-data is stored in a table in the internal structures of the kernel. The ‘file descriptor’ is basically just an index into this table. it is stored by the kernel.
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What is a file descriptor example?

File Descriptors (FD) are non-negative integers (0, 1, 2, ) that are associated with files that are opened.0, 1, 2 are standard FD’s that corresponds to STDIN_FILENO, STDOUT_FILENO and STDERR_FILENO (defined in unistd. h ) opened by default on behalf of shell when the program starts.
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How do I check if a file descriptor is open in Python?

The open() function is used in Python to open a file. Using the open() function is one way to check a particular file is opened or closed.
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How do I know if file descriptor is leaking?

How do I find the file descriptor leak? – You can detect a file descriptor leak in two different ways: You may notice a lot of IOExceptions with the message “Too many open files.” During load testing, you periodically run a profiling script, such as lsof (on UNIX), and you notice that the list of file descriptors grows continually.
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How do I check file descriptors limit?

To display the current user limits, use the ulimit –a command. The nofiles parameter is the number of file descriptors available to a process.
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Is PID a file descriptor?

pidfds: Process file descriptors on Linux Traditionally processes are identified globally via process identifiers (PIDs). Due to how pid allocation works the kernel is free to recycle PIDs once a process has been reaped. As such, PIDs do not allow another process to maintain a private, stable reference on a process.

  1. On systems under pressure it is thus possible that a PID is recycled without other (non-parent) processes being aware of it.
  2. This becomes rather problematic when (non-parent) processes are in charge of managing other processes as is the case for system managers or userspace implementations of OOM killers.
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Over the last months we have been working on solving these and other problems by introducing pidfds – process file descriptors. Among other nice properties, the allow callers to maintain a private, stable reference on a process. In this talk I will explain the challenges we faces, the different approaches people pushed for. Oserror: Errno 9 Bad File Descriptor : pidfds: Process file descriptors on Linux
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What is the maximum number of file descriptors?

Hard Limits The hard limit of a resource is the maximum value that a user can increase their soft limit to. Thus, we know that this system’s hard limit for the number of open file descriptors is 4096.
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What is file descriptor size?

File descriptor 0 is the descriptor used for standard input. Since int is normally at 32-but type, file descriptors are normally 32-but signed numbers.
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What is bad file descriptor in C?

Go to the first, previous, next, last section, table of contents, The error code macros are defined in the header file `errno.h’, All of them expand into integer constant values. Some of these error codes can’t occur on the GNU system, but they can occur using the GNU library on other systems.

Macro: int EPERM Operation not permitted; only the owner of the file (or other resource) or processes with special privileges can perform the operation. Macro: int ENOENT No such file or directory. This is a “file doesn’t exist” error for ordinary files that are referenced in contexts where they are expected to already exist.

Macro: int ESRCH No process matches the specified process ID. Macro: int EINTR Interrupted function call; an asynchronous signal occurred and prevented completion of the call. When this happens, you should try the call again. You can choose to have functions resume after a signal that is handled, rather than failing with EINTR ; see section Primitives Interrupted by Signals,

Macro: int EIO Input/output error; usually used for physical read or write errors. Macro: int ENXIO No such device or address. The system tried to use the device represented by a file you specified, and it couldn’t find the device. This can mean that the device file was installed incorrectly, or that the physical device is missing or not correctly attached to the computer.

Macro: int E2BIG Argument list too long; used when the arguments passed to a new program being executed with one of the exec functions (see section Executing a File ) occupy too much memory space. This condition never arises in the GNU system. Macro: int ENOEXEC Invalid executable file format.

This condition is detected by the exec functions; see section Executing a File, Macro: int EBADF Bad file descriptor; for example, I/O on a descriptor that has been closed or reading from a descriptor open only for writing (or vice versa). Macro: int ECHILD There are no child processes. This error happens on operations that are supposed to manipulate child processes, when there aren’t any processes to manipulate.

Macro: int EDEADLK Deadlock avoided; allocating a system resource would have resulted in a deadlock situation. The system does not guarantee that it will notice all such situations. This error means you got lucky and the system noticed; it might just hang.

See section File Locks, for an example. Macro: int ENOMEM No memory available. The system cannot allocate more virtual memory because its capacity is full. Macro: int EACCES Permission denied; the file permissions do not allow the attempted operation. Macro: int EFAULT Bad address; an invalid pointer was detected.

In the GNU system, this error never happens; you get a signal instead. Macro: int ENOTBLK A file that isn’t a block special file was given in a situation that requires one. For example, trying to mount an ordinary file as a file system in Unix gives this error.

  1. Macro: int EBUSY Resource busy; a system resource that can’t be shared is already in use.
  2. For example, if you try to delete a file that is the root of a currently mounted filesystem, you get this error.
  3. Macro: int EEXIST File exists; an existing file was specified in a context where it only makes sense to specify a new file.

Macro: int EXDEV An attempt to make an improper link across file systems was detected. This happens not only when you use link (see section Hard Links ) but also when you rename a file with rename (see section Renaming Files ). Macro: int ENODEV The wrong type of device was given to a function that expects a particular sort of device.

Macro: int ENOTDIR A file that isn’t a directory was specified when a directory is required. Macro: int EISDIR File is a directory; you cannot open a directory for writing, or create or remove hard links to it. Macro: int EINVAL Invalid argument. This is used to indicate various kinds of problems with passing the wrong argument to a library function.

Macro: int EMFILE The current process has too many files open and can’t open any more. Duplicate descriptors do count toward this limit. In BSD and GNU, the number of open files is controlled by a resource limit that can usually be increased. If you get this error, you might want to increase the RLIMIT_NOFILE limit or make it unlimited; see section Limiting Resource Usage,

  • Macro: int ENFILE There are too many distinct file openings in the entire system.
  • Note that any number of linked channels count as just one file opening; see section Linked Channels,
  • This error never occurs in the GNU system.
  • Macro: int ENOTTY Inappropriate I/O control operation, such as trying to set terminal modes on an ordinary file.

Macro: int ETXTBSY An attempt to execute a file that is currently open for writing, or write to a file that is currently being executed. Often using a debugger to run a program is considered having it open for writing and will cause this error. (The name stands for “text file busy”.) This is not an error in the GNU system; the text is copied as necessary.

Macro: int EFBIG File too big; the size of a file would be larger than allowed by the system. Macro: int ENOSPC No space left on device; write operation on a file failed because the disk is full. Macro: int ESPIPE Invalid seek operation (such as on a pipe). Macro: int EROFS An attempt was made to modify something on a read-only file system.

Macro: int EMLINK Too many links; the link count of a single file would become too large. rename can cause this error if the file being renamed already has as many links as it can take (see section Renaming Files ). Macro: int EPIPE Broken pipe; there is no process reading from the other end of a pipe.

  • Every library function that returns this error code also generates a SIGPIPE signal; this signal terminates the program if not handled or blocked.
  • Thus, your program will never actually see EPIPE unless it has handled or blocked SIGPIPE,
  • Macro: int EDOM Domain error; used by mathematical functions when an argument value does not fall into the domain over which the function is defined.
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Macro: int ERANGE Range error; used by mathematical functions when the result value is not representable because of overflow or underflow. Macro: int EAGAIN Resource temporarily unavailable; the call might work if you try again later. The macro EWOULDBLOCK is another name for EAGAIN ; they are always the same in the GNU C library.

An operation that would block was attempted on an object that has non-blocking mode selected. Trying the same operation again will block until some external condition makes it possible to read, write, or connect (whatever the operation). You can use select to find out when the operation will be possible; see section Waiting for Input or Output, Portability Note: In many older Unix systems, this condition was indicated by EWOULDBLOCK, which was a distinct error code different from EAGAIN, To make your program portable, you should check for both codes and treat them the same. A temporary resource shortage made an operation impossible. fork can return this error. It indicates that the shortage is expected to pass, so your program can try the call again later and it may succeed. It is probably a good idea to delay for a few seconds before trying it again, to allow time for other processes to release scarce resources. Such shortages are usually fairly serious and affect the whole system, so usually an interactive program should report the error to the user and return to its command loop.

Macro: int EWOULDBLOCK In the GNU C library, this is another name for EAGAIN (above). The values are always the same, on every operating system. C libraries in many older Unix systems have EWOULDBLOCK as a separate error code. Macro: int EINPROGRESS An operation that cannot complete immediately was initiated on an object that has non-blocking mode selected.

Some functions that must always block (such as connect ; see section Making a Connection ) never return EAGAIN, Instead, they return EINPROGRESS to indicate that the operation has begun and will take some time. Attempts to manipulate the object before the call completes return EALREADY, You can use the select function to find out when the pending operation has completed; see section Waiting for Input or Output,

Macro: int EALREADY An operation is already in progress on an object that has non-blocking mode selected. Macro: int ENOTSOCK A file that isn’t a socket was specified when a socket is required. Macro: int EMSGSIZE The size of a message sent on a socket was larger than the supported maximum size.

  • Macro: int EPROTOTYPE The socket type does not support the requested communications protocol.
  • Macro: int ENOPROTOOPT You specified a socket option that doesn’t make sense for the particular protocol being used by the socket.
  • See section Socket Options,
  • Macro: int EPROTONOSUPPORT The socket domain does not support the requested communications protocol (perhaps because the requested protocol is completely invalid).

See section Creating a Socket, Macro: int ESOCKTNOSUPPORT The socket type is not supported. Macro: int EOPNOTSUPP The operation you requested is not supported. Some socket functions don’t make sense for all types of sockets, and others may not be implemented for all communications protocols.

  1. In the GNU system, this error can happen for many calls when the object does not support the particular operation; it is a generic indication that the server knows nothing to do for that call.
  2. Macro: int EPFNOSUPPORT The socket communications protocol family you requested is not supported.
  3. Macro: int EAFNOSUPPORT The address family specified for a socket is not supported; it is inconsistent with the protocol being used on the socket.

See section Sockets, Macro: int EADDRINUSE The requested socket address is already in use. See section Socket Addresses, Macro: int EADDRNOTAVAIL The requested socket address is not available; for example, you tried to give a socket a name that doesn’t match the local host name.

See section Socket Addresses, Macro: int ENETDOWN A socket operation failed because the network was down. Macro: int ENETUNREACH A socket operation failed because the subnet containing the remote host was unreachable. Macro: int ENETRESET A network connection was reset because the remote host crashed.

Macro: int ECONNABORTED A network connection was aborted locally. Macro: int ECONNRESET A network connection was closed for reasons outside the control of the local host, such as by the remote machine rebooting or an unrecoverable protocol violation. Macro: int ENOBUFS The kernel’s buffers for I/O operations are all in use.

In GNU, this error is always synonymous with ENOMEM ; you may get one or the other from network operations. Macro: int EISCONN You tried to connect a socket that is already connected. See section Making a Connection, Macro: int ENOTCONN The socket is not connected to anything. You get this error when you try to transmit data over a socket, without first specifying a destination for the data.

For a connectionless socket (for datagram protocols, such as UDP), you get EDESTADDRREQ instead. Macro: int EDESTADDRREQ No default destination address was set for the socket. You get this error when you try to transmit data over a connectionless socket, without first specifying a destination for the data with connect,

Macro: int ESHUTDOWN The socket has already been shut down. Macro: int ETOOMANYREFS ??? Macro: int ETIMEDOUT A socket operation with a specified timeout received no response during the timeout period. Macro: int ECONNREFUSED A remote host refused to allow the network connection (typically because it is not running the requested service).

Macro: int ELOOP Too many levels of symbolic links were encountered in looking up a file name. This often indicates a cycle of symbolic links. Macro: int ENAMETOOLONG Filename too long (longer than PATH_MAX ; see section Limits on File System Capacity ) or host name too long (in gethostname or sethostname ; see section Host Identification ).

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Macro: int EHOSTDOWN The remote host for a requested network connection is down. Macro: int EHOSTUNREACH The remote host for a requested network connection is not reachable. Macro: int ENOTEMPTY Directory not empty, where an empty directory was expected. Typically, this error occurs when you are trying to delete a directory.

Macro: int EPROCLIM This means that the per-user limit on new process would be exceeded by an attempted fork, See section Limiting Resource Usage, for details on the RLIMIT_NPROC limit. Macro: int EUSERS The file quota system is confused because there are too many users.

  • Macro: int EDQUOT The user’s disk quota was exceeded.
  • Macro: int ESTALE Stale NFS file handle.
  • This indicates an internal confusion in the NFS system which is due to file system rearrangements on the server host.
  • Repairing this condition usually requires unmounting and remounting the NFS file system on the local host.

Macro: int EREMOTE An attempt was made to NFS-mount a remote file system with a file name that already specifies an NFS-mounted file. (This is an error on some operating systems, but we expect it to work properly on the GNU system, making this error code impossible.) Macro: int EBADRPC ??? Macro: int ERPCMISMATCH ??? Macro: int EPROGUNAVAIL ??? Macro: int EPROGMISMATCH ??? Macro: int EPROCUNAVAIL ??? Macro: int ENOLCK No locks available.

  • This is used by the file locking facilities; see section File Locks,
  • This error is never generated by the GNU system, but it can result from an operation to an NFS server running another operating system.
  • Macro: int EFTYPE Inappropriate file type or format.
  • The file was the wrong type for the operation, or a data file had the wrong format.

On some systems chmod returns this error if you try to set the sticky bit on a non-directory file; see section Assigning File Permissions, Macro: int EAUTH ??? Macro: int ENEEDAUTH ??? Macro: int ENOSYS Function not implemented. This indicates that the function called is not implemented at all, either in the C library itself or in the operating system.

  1. When you get this error, you can be sure that this particular function will always fail with ENOSYS unless you install a new version of the C library or the operating system.
  2. Macro: int ENOTSUP Not supported.
  3. A function returns this error when certain parameter values are valid, but the functionality they request is not available.

This can mean that the function does not implement a particular command or option value or flag bit at all. For functions that operate on some object given in a parameter, such as a file descriptor or a port, it might instead mean that only that specific object (file descriptor, port, etc.) is unable to support the other parameters given; different file descriptors might support different ranges of parameter values.

  1. If the entire function is not available at all in the implementation, it returns ENOSYS instead.
  2. Macro: int EILSEQ While decoding a multibyte character the function came along an invalid or an incomplete sequence of bytes or the given wide character is invalid.
  3. Macro: int EBACKGROUND In the GNU system, servers supporting the term protocol return this error for certain operations when the caller is not in the foreground process group of the terminal.

Users do not usually see this error because functions such as read and write translate it into a SIGTTIN or SIGTTOU signal. See section Job Control, for information on process groups and these signals. Macro: int EDIED In the GNU system, opening a file returns this error when the file is translated by a program and the translator program dies while starting up, before it has connected to the file.

Macro: int ED The experienced user will know what is wrong. Macro: int EGREGIOUS You did what ? Macro: int EIEIO Go home and have a glass of warm, dairy-fresh milk. Macro: int EGRATUITOUS This error code has no purpose. Macro: int EBADMSG Macro: int EIDRM Macro: int EMULTIHOP Macro: int ENODATA Macro: int ENOLINK Macro: int ENOMSG Macro: int ENOSR Macro: int ENOSTR Macro: int EOVERFLOW Macro: int EPROTO Macro: int ETIME The following error codes are defined by the Linux/i386 kernel.

They are not yet documented. Macro: int ERESTART Macro: int ECHRNG Macro: int EL2NSYNC Macro: int EL3HLT Macro: int EL3RST Macro: int ELNRNG Macro: int EUNATCH Macro: int ENOCSI Macro: int EL2HLT Macro: int EBADE Macro: int EBADR Macro: int EXFULL Macro: int ENOANO Macro: int EBADRQC Macro: int EBADSLT Macro: int EDEADLOCK Macro: int EBFONT Macro: int ENONET Macro: int ENOPKG Macro: int EADV Macro: int ESRMNT Macro: int ECOMM Macro: int EDOTDOT Macro: int ENOTUNIQ Macro: int EBADFD Macro: int EREMCHG Macro: int ELIBACC Macro: int ELIBBAD Macro: int ELIBSCN Macro: int ELIBMAX Macro: int ELIBEXEC Macro: int ESTRPIPE Macro: int EUCLEAN Macro: int ENOTNAM Macro: int ENAVAIL Macro: int EISNAM Macro: int EREMOTEIO Macro: int ENOMEDIUM Macro: int EMEDIUMTYPE Go to the first, previous, next, last section, table of contents,
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How do I know if file descriptor is leaking?

How do I find the file descriptor leak? – You can detect a file descriptor leak in two different ways: You may notice a lot of IOExceptions with the message “Too many open files.” During load testing, you periodically run a profiling script, such as lsof (on UNIX), and you notice that the list of file descriptors grows continually.
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What are the 3 standard file descriptors?

Stdin, stdout, and stderr – On a Unix-like operating system, the first three file descriptors, by default, are STDIN ( standard input ), STDOUT (standard output), and STDERR (standard error).

Name File descriptor Description Abbreviation
Standard input 0 The default data stream for input, for example in a command pipeline. In the terminal, this defaults to keyboard input from the user. stdin
Standard output 1 The default data stream for output, for example when a command prints text. In the terminal, this defaults to the user’s screen. stdout
Standard error 2 The default data stream for output that relates to an error occurring. In the terminal, this defaults to the user’s screen. stderr

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